Why America Misunderstands the World by Paul R. Pillar (Columbia University Press, 2016)
This new book by retired CIA officer Paul Pillar tries to explain why Americans “misunderstand” the world. In other words, why our foreign policy is based on a very different perception of why people in other countries behave than those people themselves have. Despite having been a representative of the American way of looking at the world for his whole career, Paul Pillar has also spent a great deal of time in other countries. He reveals a lot of insight into the psychology of American thought with regard to foreign countries. Pillar explains how American exceptionalism developed from our unique history and geographical advantages, and how our lack of interest in learning about other nations has made us even more prone to misperceptions based on ignorance. Pillar is critical of right-wing leaders (such as the Bushes) but also tends to blame “the public” for not being smart enough to avoid being misled. I don’t like the “blame the victim” mentality (we’re not the ones with the power, after all), nor Pillar’s idea that leaders sometimes have to talk the public into doing what he considers the right thing. But it was an interesting book, and he makes the point very well that it is ridiculous to expect the war on terror to be the sort of war that comes to an end one day with a treaty (presumably with the U.S. winning).